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~ Selected Bibliography for the French and Indian War ~

The following represents a selected bibliography for those interested in looking deeper into various aspects of the French and Indian War. It is intended to provide a starting point, and allow the reader to gain insight into the conflict and prepare him/her to pursue other references should the inclination to do so be there. Not all references pertain specifically to Fort William Henry or the Massacre.

A now out of print bibliography was published in 1986 entitled "Struggle for Empire: A Bibliography of the French and Indian War" by James G. Lydon. This work would provide an even deeper investigation into this conflict that spread worldwide. An additional work of merit is "Arms for Empire" by Douglas Edward Leach. It discusses the development of the military from the period of colonization to the end of the French and Indian War. It has an excellent bibliography within it. Finally I would suggest that the reader check out the US Army Center for Military History Bibliography found at

George A. Bray, Site Historian

1) Bibliography of sources for Fort William Henry & the Massacre

Gifford, Stanley M. Fort Wm. Henry: A History The Bullard Press, Glens Falls, NY 1955

Steele, Ian K. Betrayals Fort William Henry and the Massacre Oxford University, New York, NY 1990

Starbuck, David R. The Great Warpath: British Military Sites from Albany to Crown Point University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 1999

Starbuck, David R., "A Retrospective on Archaeology at Fort William Henry, 1952-1993: Retelling the Tale of The Last of the Mohicans", Northeast Historical Archaeology, 20, 1991, pp. 8-26

Starbuck, David R., "Anatomy of a Massacre", Archaeology, 46, 1993, pp. 42-46

Starbuck, David R., ed., "Military Burials at Fort William Henry" by Maria A. Liston & Brenda J. Baker, in Military Sites of the Hudson River, Lake George, and Lake Champlain Corridor, Adirondack Community College, Queensbury, NY 1994 pp. 11-16.

Bellico, Russell P. Sails and Steam in the Mountains : A Maritime and Military History of Lake George and Lake Champlain Purple Mountain Press, New York, NY 1992

Ewing, William S., ed., "An Eyewitness Account by James Furnis of the Surrender of Fort William Henry, August, 1757", New York History, 42, 1961, pp. 307-316

Jacobs, Wilbur R. "A Message to Fort William Henry: An Incident in the French and Indian War", Huntington Library Quarterly, 16, 1953, pp. 371-380

French, David P. "James Fenimore Cooper and Fort William Henry", American Literature, 32, 1960, pp. 28-38

Bartman, George. "The Siege of Fort William Henry, Letters of George Bartman", Huntington Library Quarterly, 12, pp. 415-425

2) Bibliography of sources for some of the Personalities Associated With the Siege

Anonymous, "Montcalm's Correspondence", The Report of the Public Archives of the Dominion of Canada for the Year 1929, F. A. Acland, Ottawa, Canada, 1929, pp. 31 -108.

Thiery, Maurice Bougainville, Soldier and Sailor Grayson and Grayson, London, UK 1932

Hamilton, Edward Pierce, ed., Adventures in the Wilderness; The American Journals of Louis Antoine de Bougainville, 1756-1760 Oklahoma University Press, Norman, OK 1964

Lewis, Meriwether Liston Montcalm, The Marvelous Marquis Vantage Press, New York, NY 1961

Kochan, James L., ed., "Joseph Frye's Journal and Map of the Siege of Fort William Henry, 1757", The Bulletin of the Fort Ticonderoga Museum, 15, pp. 339-361

"The Lineage of Colonel George Monro; Correspondence Between James A. Holden, State Historian of New York, and John A. Inglis, Esq., of Edinburgh, Scotland", Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association, 13, 1914, pp.389-403

3) Bibliography of some sources for tactics of the conflict

Mahon, John K., "Anglo-American Methods of Indian Warfare, 1676-1794", Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 45, 1958, pp. 254-275

Eid, Leroy V., "'A Kind of Running Fight': Indian Battlefield Tactics", The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, 71, 2, April 1988, pp. 147-171

Eid, Leroy V., "'National' War Among Indians of Northeastern North America", The Canadian Review of American Studies, 16, 2, Summer 1985, pp. 125-154

Hamilton, Edward P., "Colonial Warfare in North America", Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 80, 1969, pp. 3-15

Russell, Peter E., "Redcoats in the Wilderness: British Officers and Irregular Warfare in Europe and America, 1740-1760", William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series, 35, 4, 1978, pp. 629-652

Higginbotham, Don, "The Early American Way of War: Reconnaissance and Appraisal", William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series, 44, 1, 1987, pp. 230-273

Nicolai, Martin L., "A Different Kind of Courage: The French Mililtary and the Canadian Irregular Soldier during the Seven Years' War", Canadian Historical Review, 70, 1, 1989, pp. 53-75

Cuneo, John R., "Factors Behind the Raising of the 80th Foot in America", Military Collector and Historian, 11, Winter 1959, pp. 97-103.

Beattie, Daniel J., "The Adaptation of the British Army to Wilderness Warfare, 1755-1763" in Maarten Ultee, Adapting to Conditions: War and Society in the Eighteenth Century University of Alabama Press, University, AL 1986

4) Bibliography of sources for Siege Tactics

Duffy, Christopher Fire and Stone: The Science of Fortress Warfare, 1660-1860 Hippocrene Books, New York, NY 1975

Duffy, Christopher The Fortress in the Age of Vauban and Frederick the Great, 1660-1789 Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, UK 1985

Dunnigan, Brian Leigh Siege - 1759; The Campaign Against Niagara Old Fort Niagara Association, Youngstown, NY 1996

Hogg, Ian V. Fortress, A History of Military Defence Macdonald and Jane's, London, UK 1975

Muller, John A Treatise Containing the Elementary Part of Fortification, Regular and Irregular Museum Restoration Service, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 1968

Vauban, Sebastien LePrestre de A Manual of Siegecraft and Fortification Translated, with an introd. by George A. Rothrock University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI 1968

5) Bibliography of sources for British Regulars

Houlding, J. A. Fit For Service: The Training of the British Army, 1715-1795

Pargellis, Stanley M. Lord Loudoun in North America Yale University Press, New Haven, CT 1933

Pargellis, Stanley M. Military Affairs in North America, 1748-1765 Archon Book, Hamden, CT 1968

Hargreaves, Reginald The Bloodybacks: the British Serviceman in North America and the Caribbean, 1655-1783 Hart-Davis, London, UK 1968

Houlding, J. A. Fit for Service: the Training of the British Army, 1715-1795 Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK 1981

Fuller, J. F. C. British Light Infantry in the Eighteenth Century Hutchinson & Co., London, UK 1925

Rogers, H. C. B. The British Army of the Eighteenth Century Allen and Unwin, London, UK 1977

May, Robin & Embleton, Gerry Wolfe's Army Osprey Men-At-Arms Series No. 48, Reed Consumer Books, Ltd., London, UK 1997

Reid, Stuart and Hook, Richard British Redcoat: 1740-1793 Osprey Warrior Series No. 19, Reed Consumer Books, Ltd., London, UK 1996

Reid, Stuart and Chappell, Paul King George's Army 1740-1793: (1) Infantry Osprey Men-At-Arms Series No. 285, Reed Consumer Books, Ltd., London, UK 1995

Reid, Stuart and Chappell, Paul King George's Army 1740-1793: (2) Osprey Men-At-Arms Series No. 289, Reed Consumer Books, Ltd., London, UK 1995

Reid, Stuart and Chappell, Paul King George's Army 1740-1793: (3) Osprey Men-At-Arms Series No. 292, Reed Consumer Books, Ltd., London, UK 1996

Frey, Sylvia R. The British Soldier in America University of Texas Press, Austin, TX 1981

6) Bibliography of sources for Provincial Forces

Anderson, Fred A People's Army: Massachusetts Soldiers and Society in the Seven Years' War University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC 1984

Anderson, Fred "Why Did Colonial New Englanders Make Bad Soldiers? Contractual Principles and Military Conduct During the Seven Years' War", William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series, 38, 1981, pp. 395-417

Anderson, Fred "A People's Army: Provincial Military Service in Massachusetts during the Seven Years' War", William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series, 40, 1983, pp. 499-527

Selesky, Harold E. War and Society in Colonial Connecticut Yale University Press, New Haven, CT 1990

Baker-Crothers, Hayes Virginia and the French and Indian War University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL 1928

7) Bibliography of sources for the French Army

Hamilton, Edward P. The French Army in America Museum Restoration Service, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 1967

Windrow, Martin Montcalm's Army Osprey Publishing Ltd., Reading, UK 1973

Chartrand, Rene The French Soldier in Colonial America Museum Restoration Service, Runge Press Ltd., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 1984

Houlding, J. A. French Arms Drill of the 18th Century, 1703-1760 Museum Restoration Service, Alexandria Bay, NY 1988

Kennett, Lee The French Armies in the Seven Years' War Duke University Press, Durham, NC 1967

Miville-Deschenes, Francois The Soldier Off Duty National Historic Parks and Sites, Environment Canada, Parks Service, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 1987

Proulx, Gilles The Garrison of Quebec National Historic Sites, Parks Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 1991

8) Bibliography of sources for Weapons

Neumann, George C. and Frank J. Kravic Collector's Illustrated Encyclopedia of the American Revolution Castle Books, New York, NY 1977

Neumann, George C. Edged Weapons of the American Revolution 1775-1783 American Defense Preparedness, Washington, DC 1975

Neumann, George C. Firearms of the American Revolution 1775-1783 American Ordinance Associate, Washington, DC 1973

Neumann, George C. The History of the Weapons of the American Revolution Bonanza Books, New York, NY 1967

Neumann, George C. Swords & Blades of the American Revolution 3rd ed Rebel Publishing, Texarkana, TX 1991

Moore, Warren Weapons of the American Revolution and Accoutrements Promontory Press, New York, NY 1967

Peterson, Harold Leslie American Indian Tomahawks Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, New York, NY 1971

Manucy, Albert C. Artillery Through the Ages U.S. Govt. Print. Off., Washington, DC 1949

Peterson, Harold L. Arms and Armor in Colonial America, 1526-1783 Stackpole Co., Harrisburg, PA 1956

Peterson, Harold L. Round Shot and Rammers Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA 1969

9) Bibliography of sources for Women in the Army

Deakin, Carol C., "Support Personnel: Women With General Braddock's Forces", in James Allen Braden, ed., Proceedings of Northern Virginia Studies Conference 1983 Alexandria: From Empire to Commonwealth Northern Virginia Community College, Alexandria, VA 1984, pp. 85-94

Blumenthal, Walter Hart Women Camp Followers of the American Revolution MacManus, Philadelphia, PA 1952

Kopperman, Paul E., "The British High Command and Soldiers' Wives in America, 1755 - 1783", Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, 60, 1982, pp. 14-34

Starbuck, David R., "The Identification of Gender at Northern Military Sites of the Late Eighteenth Century", in Elizabeth M. Scott, ed., Those of Little Note University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ 1994, pp. 115-128

Haberly, David T., "Women and Indians: The Last of the Mohicans and the Captivity Tradition", American Quarterly, 28, 4, Fall 1976, pp. 431-443

10) Bibliography for the French and Indian War

Knox, John, Capt. An Historical Journal of the Campaigns in North America for the Years 1757, 1758, 1759, and 1760 with introduction, appendix and index by Arthur G. Doughty. 3 Volumes The Champlain Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1914-16

Mante, Thomas The History of the Late War in North-America, and the Islands of the West-Indies, Including the Campaigns of MDCCLXIII and MDCCLXIV Against His Majesty's Indian Enemies. Research Reprints, New York, NY 1970

Entick, John The General History of the Late War : Containing it's Rise, Progress, and Event, in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America 5 Volumes E. and C. Dilly, London, UK 1764-66

Wright, J. A. A Compleat History of the Late War, or Annual Register of its Rise, Progress, and Events in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America 2 Volumes David Steel, London, UK 1765

Schwartz, Seymour I. The French and Indian War, 1754-1763 Simon & Schuster, New York, NY 1994

Pouchot, Pierre Memoir Upon the Late War in North America, Between France and England Old Fort Niagara Association, Youngstown, NY 1994

James, Alfred P. Drums in the Forest Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, PA 1958

Gipson, Lawrence Henry The Great War for Empire, The Victorious Years, 1758-1760 Volume VII Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY 1949

Gipson, Lawrence Henry The Great War for Empire, The Years of Defeat, 1754-1757 Volume VI Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY 1946

Bird, Harrison Battle for a Continent Oxford University Press, New York, NY 1965

Hamilton, Edward Pierce The French and Indian Wars; the Story of Battles and Forts in the Wilderness Doubleday, Garden City, NY 1962


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